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Your Guide to Happy and Healthy Pregnancy 

Extra care is needed in pregnancy because it is a very delicate and demanding moment of life and through it we ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby. Both the mother and the baby go through a lot of changes during pregnancy. To avoid complications during pregnancy regular checkups and testing are very important and it is not just this but mothers need continuous support during this time because they go through a lot of changes such as physical and emotional changes.

Physiological changes such as alteration in metabolism and hormonal changes. These changes are essential for pregnancy but they also come with risks of certain complications.

Gestational diabetes which causes an increase in blood sugar levels during pregnancy can be concerning for both the mother and the baby.

Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure. If it’s left untreated, it can lead to seizures, organ damage, and even death of the mother or fetus.

Nutritional Requirements

During pregnancy nutritional requirements of mothers change drastically because they need to support themselves and the fetus. Adequate nutrition is very important for fetal development.

Certain nutrients are important first fetal growth such as

1) Folic acid

2) Calcium

3) Iron

4) Omega-3 fatty acids

Folic Acid

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that pregnant women should take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily through diet and supplements. Its deficiency can lead to spinal bifida( defect of spine) and anencephaly(a birth defect in which a baby is born without parts of the brain and skull).

Calcium is important for the growth of bone and teeth formation in a fetus.

Iron is another critical nutrient and its deficiency can lead to iron deficiency anemia.

Omega-3 fatty acids help in the development of a fetus’s brain.

All of these nutrients can be gained through various fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains and supplements prescribed by doctors.

Harmful Agents

Agents like alcohol, tobacco, certain medications, and illicit drugs can be very detrimental to the development of a baby and can result in various birth defects.

  •    Alcohol consumption can lead to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASDs), which includes physical, cognitive, and behavioural ailments.
  •    Smoking can cause preterm birth, respiratory problems, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  •    Drugs like cocaine, heroin, and methamphentamine can cause miscarriage, preterm birth, stillbirth, and neonatal withdrawal syndrome.
  •   Other than illicit drugs pregnant women should consult their doctor before taking any medication.

Emotional wellbeing

During pregnancy, women go through a range of emotions from the excitement of being a parent to anxiety and stress of coping with the changes. This is due to hormonal changes, physical discomfort, and pre-existing mental health conditions.

Positive pregnancy experience can be attained through maintaining emotional and mental well-being. Partners, family members, friends, and healthcare professionals can be very valuable as they help women navigate through challenges and uncertainties in pregnancy.

Furthermore, engaging in activities like meditation, deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, and certain physical activities that are allowed by the doctor can help enhance the mood and give a sense of calm during these stressful circumstances.

Now we will try to answer some of the most asked questions regarding pregnancy

Is Paracetamol safe in pregnancy?

Various studies have shown that paracetamol is considered safe during pregnancy if it’s used in the recommended dosage. Paracetamol is generally used for headaches, fever, or muscle aches.

Is Panadol safe in pregnancy?

Panadol is a brand name for paracetamol. So yes, panadol is safe to use in pregnancy with the safe limit. Panadol is used first for headache, fever, and muscle aches.

How to use a pregnancy pillow?

Pregnancy pillows can be used to support various areas of the body like the neck, back, abdomen, hips, and knees. They provide support and comfort and are of many types.

Position the pillow to make an upside-down U. Lay in the middle of the upside-down U so your head and neck are supported and the sides surround you. You can place the side of the pillow under your belly and/or between your legs to relieve pressure on your belly, hips, and back

When to take a pregnancy test?

The best time to take a pregnancy test is when your period is late. If you don’t know when is your period, take a pregnancy test at least 21 days after you have unprotected sex.

Is Gaviscon safe in pregnancy?

Yes, it is safe to use gaviscon during pregnancy because to date no study has shown significant side effects of gaviscon in pregnancy.

Can twins cause false negative results on pregnancy tests?

Yes, it is possible for twins( triplets or quadruplets) to cause false negative results.

When hCG is too high, an improper ratio of the hCG and the antibodies in the pregnancy test can occur and overwhelm the pregnancy test causing a false negative test. This phenomenon is called the “hook effect,” and it’s very uncommon

Can you eat prawns during pregnancy?

Yes, as long as they’ve been thoroughly cooked, prawns are safe to eat during pregnancy. Cold pre-cooked prawns are also fine to eat.

Why is the 10th week of pregnancy the worst?

During the 10th week of pregnancy incidence of nausea and vomiting increases. The level of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG) is highest in 10th week which results in morning sickness.

Do pregnancy tests expire?

All pregnancy tests have a shelf life. Some expire earlier than the other. Generally, tests are considered good for 1-3 years after manufacture.

Is magnesium safe in pregnancy?

Depending on your age, you need anywhere from 350 to 400 milligrams of magnesium every day while you’re pregnant. It is very important for almost every system in your body and your baby’s body.

Is movicol safe during pregnancy?

During pregnancy constipation is quite common and for this movicol is safe to use. They are not absorbed into the bloodstream and increase the water content of the stools, helping them to pass through the bowel.

Is pineapple good for pregnancy?

Pineapple is still an excellent source of nutrients that can help keep the mother and baby healthy during your pregnancy. It’s rich in antioxidants like vitamin C, which can help reduce inflammation during pregnancy.

Can you eat hummus during pregnancy?

Hummus is made from sesame seeds which are also a salmonella risk so avoid eating sesame seeds and ready-to-eat products such as tahini, halva, and hummus. Sesame seeds that have been heat treated are safe to eat. Toxoplasmosis is an infection that can cause brain and eye damage in the baby.

Is coconut water good for pregnancy?

Yes. Coconut is a nutritious and safe food choice for pregnant women due to its rich content of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including iron, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. Additionally, the magnesium in coconut is associated with higher birth weight and reduced risk of preeclampsia (a pregnancy complication).

Is kombucha safe during pregnancy?

No, it is not safe to use kombucha during pregnancy has it has alcohol, caffeine, or contamination.

Why avoid bananas during pregnancy?

Eating bananas during pregnancy can be beneficial m. However, too much of bananas can cause certain complications such as

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Latex fruit syndrome
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Tooth decay

Are strepsils safe during pregnancy?

The safety of Strepsils basic range of products in pregnancy and lactation has not been established but is not expected to constitute a hazard during these periods. However, as with all medicines taken during this period, caution should be exercised. It is best to consult with a doctor before using the product if you are pregnant or lactating.

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